Common Dental Conditions and Their Treatment

Complete Health Dentistry involves helping you have better overall health through better oral health. Being responsible about oral health habits and finding a trustworthy dentist like Dr. Mark Galli for preventive dental services should keep your teeth and gums healthy for many years.

If you do develop a dental condition that needs to be treated, know that Dr. Galli will quickly identify the problem and suggest a suitable solution. With his extraordinary dental treatment in Encinitas, you’ll soon be back on the path to optimal oral health!


A cavity occurs when bacteria builds up on the teeth and produces an acid that dissolves the enamel. Cavities are largely avoidable by making smart lifestyle choices about diet and dental hygiene; however, people who consume sugary foods and beverages and fail to visit the hygienist regularly are prone to developing tooth decay.

Dr. Galli uses the non-invasive DIAGNOdent laser cavity detection system (it resembles a small pen with a lighted tip) to help him detect areas of early decay, so he can treat the condition proactively and protect as much tooth structure as possible.

Today, cavities can be filled with tooth-colored material, which matches the surrounding natural tooth structure for an attractive result. Cavities that are not treated can progress into an infection or tooth abscess, causing pain, discomfort and costly treatment. Therefore, it is important to seek treatment as soon as possible.

Missing Teeth

Missing teeth are more common than you may think, and there are plenty of ways to solve the problem. For example, Dr. Galli can use a dental bridge to close the gap left by a missing tooth. Alternatively, he may recommend replacing a missing tooth with a dental implant, which is surgically places in the jawbone and supports a dental crown. If multiple teeth are missing, multiple reconstruction options are available.

Tooth Sensitivity

Nearly everyone experiences the occasional bout of tooth sensitivity, but if you experience regular sensitivity to hot or cold foods, you should have your teeth checked by Dr. Galli. Tooth sensitivity can be caused by any of the following:

  • Cavities
  • Periodontal disease
  • Broken or fractured teeth
  • Old, worn fillings
  • Eroded tooth enamel
  • Exposed tooth roots

The treatment for tooth sensitivity depends on the problem. If Dr. Galli performs an exam and finds that a broken tooth is causing sensitivity, he can place a mercury-free filling or a porcelain crown over it and the sensitivity should subside. Or, if periodontal disease is to blame, Dr. Galli needs to stop the infection and rehabilitate the gums. In the meantime, some people struggling with tooth sensitivity find relief by using desensitizing toothpaste.

Bad Breath

Bad breath, or halitosis, is an embarrassing oral condition caused by the bacteria that build up on the teeth and under the gums. It may be the result of poor oral health habits, decay or periodontal infection. The key is to identify the source of the problem and treat the underlying cause. Regular visits to the hygienist can limit the effects that oral bacteria cause.

Oral Cancer

Tens of thousands of Americans develop cancers of the mouth and throat every year. These cancers usually start out as small, painless lumps or growths in the mouth or throat. Other symptoms included rough or crusted areas, numbness, pain, tenderness, changes with the way the teeth fit together when biting down and sores that bleed easily and do not heal.

With early detection, oral cancer is more treatable. This is one of the many reasons why it is important to have regular dental exams — so a dentist can check for cancerous and pre-cancerous spots.

Contact Dr. Mark Galli

For more information on common dental treatments, Encinitas dentist Mark Galli welcomes you to contact our practice. Call or email us today.